Verbes Reflechis Et Reciproques

A reflexive verb is always expressed with a reflexive pronoun. The pronoun must refer to the subject of the verb and indicate that the subject is performing an action on or for itself. The reflexive pronoun is placed after the subject and directly before the verb.


Je me
Tu te
Il/Elle/On se
Nous nous
Vous vous
Ils/Elles se

Examples of Verbs

s'arreter- to stop
se brosser- to brush
se laver- to wash
se moquer de- to make fun of
se detendre- to relax


Je me lave mon visage ( I wash my face)
Tu te leves de ton lit ( You got up from your bed)
Elle se brosse son cheveux (She brushes her hair)
Nous nous entendons avec tout le monde (We get along with everyone)
Vous vous amusez dans la fête (You had a good time at the party)
Ils s' aiment beaucoup (They like each other a lot)

Reflexive verb in the negative form:
Tu ne te laves pas aujourd'hiu?

To form a question using the reflexive use est-ce que or you can invert the subject pronoun.

Est-ce que tu t'amuse?

If needed you can add an extra subject pronoun after the verb form.

Jean se lave-t-il?

Reciprocal Verbs are similar in structure to reflexive verbs. The difference between the two is that when the verb is used reciprocally, the reflexive pronoun indicates that more than one person is performing an action on or for each other.

Nous nous dansons dans la fête. ( We dance with each other at the party)

Because the reciprocal of a reflexive verb means two or more people are involved, only the plural forms of verbs are used. The plural forms are nous, vous, ils/elles. To make it more clear that more than one person is doing the action you can add l'un(e) l'autre or les un(e) les autres after the verb (Optional). This means at one another or to each other.

Elles se regardent les unes les autres. (They all look at each other)